Seniors

This section provides an overview of the nutrition considerations by life stage and need state.
Select a need state below to learn more.

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Seniors

Life expectancy is continuing to increase causing a demographic shift to older populations globally. By 2050, there will be two billion people over 60 years, which will make up 22% of the world’s population. There is now an expectation by senior consumers to not only live longer but to live better as well. Ageing nutrition care is not only disease management, but it also includes a broader and stronger focus on healthy and active lifestyles and disease prevention. Nutritional considerations fall into three main focus areas including:

  • Disease prevention
  • Secondary prevention, which includes risk reduction and slowing the progression of chronic nutrition related diseases to maintain functionality
  • Tertiary prevention, which includes chewing and appetite problems, and other limitations.

 


 

  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.

Digestive Health

  • As humans age, the digestive system can slow down and an age related decline in digestive enzymes can also be seen
  • These factors can play a role in several digestive system disorders such as constipation and diarrhoea
  • Older adults are also more likely to develop diverticular disease. The prevalence at 60 years is estimated at 30%, while this increases to 65% over the age of 80
  • Prebiotics and probiotics can help establish and maintain healthy gut microflora, which in turn is beneficial for healthy digestion and stimulation of the immune system
  • A diet rich in fibre can support gut function and can help with regular digestion, constipation and diarrhoea management
  • Kerry Offering
    • Ultranor™ Milk Protein Isolates and Concentrates
    • Hyprol™ Hydrolysed Dairy and Plant Proteins
    • EmulGold™ Fibre – Soluble Gum Acacia Fibre
    • Profile™ GOS – GOS Enriched Whey Powder
    • Harvest Solutions™ – Stabalised Wholegrain Base
    • Beatreme™ Yoghurt Powder/Fermented Skimmed Milk Powder
    • Selpro™ 80 Selectively Hydrolysed Protein
    • Enzyme Solutions
    • Fermented Ingredients
    • Taste Systems
  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.

Bone and Joint Health

  • Bone mass increases throughout growth until about the age of 20, when peak bone mass is achieved. From the age of around 40 onwards, bone loss exceeds bone formation and bone mass decreases.
  • Excess bone loss leads to osteoporosis – a condition characterised by bone fragility and an increased risk of fracture
  • Healthy bones can only be achieved and maintained if the diet meets nutritional requirements. Adequate protein and micronutrients such as vitamin D, vitamin K, vitamin A, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium are needed to support bone mineral density. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids have also been shown to be beneficial for joint health to lower inflammation.
  • Kerry Offering
    • Ultranor™ Milk Protein Isolates and Concentrates
    • Hyprol™ Hydrolysed Dairy and Plant Proteins
    • NutriVie™ Nutritional Lipids
    • Profile™ GOS – GOS Enriched Whey Powder
    • Enzyme Solutions
    • Fermented Ingredients
    • Taste Systems
  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.

Heart Health

  • Heart health refers to the health of the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular diseases, (CVD), are the number one cause of death globally. CVDs are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Their origin is multifactorial and strongly associated with risk factors such as poor diet and inadequate physical activity
  • Nutritional recommendations for primary and secondary prevention include: healthy fats (MUFA, LCPUFA-EPA/DHA) – recommended to support healthy blood lipids, lower inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity; soluble dietary fibre to regulate blood lipids and glucose and improve insulin sensitivity; and adequate wholegrain and protein intake to support weight management, body composition and normal blood pressure.
  • Kerry Offering
    • Ultranor™ Milk Protein Isolates and Concentrates
    • Protein Crisps – High Protein Crisps
    • Hyprol™ Hydrolysed Dairy and Plant Proteins
    • Harvest Solutions™ – Stabalised Wholegrain Base
    • EmulGold™ Fibre – Soluble Gum Acacia Fibre
    • NutriVie™ Nutritional Lipids
    • NutriVie™ Omega 153 – Nutritional Lipid
    • Enzyme Solutions
    • Fermented Ingredients
    • Taste Systems
  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.

Muscle Health

  • Human muscle undergoes constant changes. After approximately the age of 50, muscle mass decreases at an annual rate of 1-2%. Muscle strength declines by 1.5% per year between the ages of 50 and 60 and by 3% thereafter
  • Sarcopenia is the progressive loss of muscle mass, muscle quality, physical strength and function. On average it is estimated that 5-13% of elderly people aged 60-70 years are affected by sarcopenia
  • The progression of sarcopenia is influenced by insufficient intakes of protein and energy, impaired utililsation of nutrients, insulin resistance, subclinical inflammation and inactivity
  • Adequate protein intake is therefore essential to support muscle building, maintenance and slow muscle loss
  • Adequate energy balance as well as sufficient micronutrient intakes are essential for muscle health.
  • Kerry Offering
    • Ultranor™ Milk Protein Isolates and Concentrates
    • Hyprol™ Hydrolysed Dairy and Plant Proteins
    • NutriVie™ Nutritional Lipids
    • Enzyme Solutions
    • Fermented Ingredients
    • Taste Systems
  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.

Immune Health

  • The immune system is a network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to protect the body from infection. The immune system prevents and limits the entry and growth of harmful microbes to maintain optimal health
  • Normal ageing has a marked effect on immunity, with the cumulative evidence indicating that cell mediated immunity consistently shows age-related decrements in function. Immune function is also susceptible to stress, with many of the same immune deficits as are observed in ageing
  • Adequate protein status is essential to support immune health and may aid in the reduction of infection risk
  • Antioxidants, vitamins and minerals also help to boost natural defences and protect cells.
  • Kerry Offering
    • Selpro™ 80 Selectively Hydrolysed Protein
    • Ultranor™ Milk Protein Isolates and Concentrates
    • Hyprol™ Hydrolysed Dairy and Plant Proteins
    • EmulGold™ Fibre – Soluble Gum Acacia Fibre
    • Profile™ GOS – GOS Enriched Whey Powder
    • Enzyme Solutions
    • Fermented Ingredients
    • Taste Systems
    • Wellmune® Beta Glucan
  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.

Weight Management & Diabetes

  • Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in the world. Worldwide obesity has nearly doubled since 1980. 35% of adults were overweight or obese in 2008
  • 382 million people have diabetes and by 2035 this will rise to 592 million. The prevalence of obesity and diabetes peaks during healthy ageing
  • The focus during the senior years, should continue to be optimising blood glucose control and weight, while still meeting all nutritional requirements
  • Nutritional considerations include: portion and calorie control to support energy balance; protein and fibre intake for appetite regulation and satiety purposes; nutrient density to provide balanced nutrition; lower sugar and fat intake to avoid empty calories and support energy balance; and soluble fibre and wholegrains for blood glucose regulation.
  • Kerry Offering
    • EmulGold™ Fibre – Soluble Gum Acacia Fibre
    • Harvest Solutions™ – Stabalised Wholegrain Base
    • NutriVie™ Nutritional Lipids
    • Ultranor™ Milk Protein Isolates and Concentrates
    • Hyprol™ Hydrolysed Dairy and Plant Proteins
    • LFC-24 – Sodium Caseinate Hydrolysate
    • Protein Crisps – High Protein Crisps
    • Enzyme Solutions
    • Fermented Ingredients
    • Taste Systems
  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.

Cognitive Health

  • All ageing humans will develop some degree of decline in cognitive capacity as time progresses. Data indicates the deterioration of the biological framework that underlies the ability to think and reason may begin as early as the mid twenties
  • Cognitive decline does not affect all individuals equally and clear associations exist between the rate and severity of cognitive decline, and a variety of factors including nutritional status
  • In relation to general cognitive health, a number of ingredients have been shown to potentially have a positive impact including LCPUFA – DHA and ARA, vitamin E, folic acid, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, choline, iron, zinc to support brain health and cognitive performance.
  • Kerry Offering
    • Nutritional Lipid Cognitive System
    • NutriVie™ Nutritional Lipids
    • Enzyme Solutions
    • Fermented Ingredients
    • Taste Systems
  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.

Critical Care/Oncology

  • Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. It accounted for 8.2 million deaths in 2012. Annual cancer deaths are expected to increase by 4 million over the next 20 years
  • Malnutrition is a common problem among patients with cancer, affecting up to 85% of patients with certain cancers, thus the main priority in many cases is energy and protein intake to avoid malnutrition and weight loss
  • Other considerations include vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin C, B vitamins and iron to name a few. LCPUFA’s may also be indicated as they have been shown to effectively attenuate certain metabolic changes underlying cancer cachexia.
  • Kerry Offering
    • Ultranor™ Milk Protein Isolates and Concentrates
    • NutriVie™ Nutritional Lipids
    • Hyprol™ Hydrolysed Dairy and Plant Proteins
    • Hyprol™ Mildly Hydrolysed Milk Proteins (Comfort Proteins)
    • EmulGold™ Fibre – Soluble Gum Acacia Fibre
    • Profile™ GOS – GOS Enriched Whey Powder
    • Enzyme Solutions
    • Fermented Ingredients
    • Taste Systems
  • References

    Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012;11:278-296. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2011.12.008.

    Freijer K, Tan SS, Koopmanschap MA, Meijers JMM, Ruud J.G. Halfens RJG, Nuijten MJC. The economic costs of disease related malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition. 2013;32;136-141.

    Offord EA, Karagounis LG, Vidal K, Fielding R, Meydani S, Penninger JM. Nutrition and the biology of human ageing: bone health and osteoporosis / sarcopenia / immune deficiency. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(8):712-6. doi: 10.1007/s12603-013-0374-3.

    Philipson TJ, Thornton Snider J, Lakdawalla DN, Stryckman B, Goldman DP. Impact of oral nutritional supplementation on hospital outcomes. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19:121-128.

    Russell CA. The impact of malnutrition on healthcare costs and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition Supplements. 2007;2:25-32.

    Slawson DL, Fitzgerald N, Morgan KT. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: the role of nutrition in health promotion and chronic disease prevention. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul;113(7):972-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.005.