In a study published in the journal Rheumatology, researchers examined the role between nutrition and osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a condition driven by inflammation, resulting in joint pain. It is one of the fastest growing causes of disability worldwide. Here’s what the researchers found to be effective at reducing osteoarthritis symptoms.
Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil were the main nutrient shown to reduce joint pain in the study. An added benefit was improvement of cardiovascular health markers in these individuals. The study showed that individuals who were able to reduce raised cholesterol levels also had reduced symptoms, so it’s possible the fish oil was acting in both ways to improve outcomes.
Vitamin K is needed to help create proteins important for bone and cartilage health. Results from the study suggest increasing intake of vitamin-K rich foods, like leafy greens, may have helped alleviate symptoms in study participants.
Overweight and obesity are the main contributors to development of osteoarthritis due to the mechanical stress the extra weight places on joints. Reducing weight, combined with exercise tailored to mobility, was the number one recommendation to come from the study.
Although not included in the study above, anti-inflammatory compounds like curcumin have also been shown in some studies to alleviate symptoms of osteoarthritis. Expect to see more products combining traditional nutrition, via vitamins and minerals, with bioactive compounds, like curcumin, as demand for functional food continues to rise.
For the full study details, click here.